Ovarian cancer is the most deadly gynecological malignant tumor in the world today. Previous studies have shown that insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) is closely related to the occurrence and development of ovarian cancer, and ovarian cancer cells endogenously express high IGF-1R. Therefore, IGF-1R could be used as a target for ovarian cancer treatment. In the past, the strategy for preparing IGF-1R antagonists was to use IGF-1R antibody and small-molecule inhibitor. In the current research, we use a new method to prepare IGF-1R antagonists. We prepared a series of IGF-1 internal imaging anti-idiotypic antibodies by anti-idiotypic antibody strategy. After a series of screening and identification, one of the anti-idiotypic antibodies (B003-2A) was selected for further evaluation, and the results showed that B003-2A could not only inhibit the binding of IGF-1 to IGF-1R but also inhibit the signaling mediated by IGF-1R. Further work showed that B003-2A inhibited the proliferation of ovarian cancer cells in vivo and in vitro. In addition, the current study also indicates that B003-2A could enhance the sensitivity of cisplatin in cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer cell lines. In summary, our research shows that B003-2A can be used to treat ovarian cancer. The current study also laid the foundation for the development of IGF-1R antagonist.