An antegrade colonic enema (ACE) via an appendicostomy has been shown to be effective in the management of functional bowel problems. In cases with a missing appendix, a neoappendicostomy may be considered.
A retrospective review of clinical outcomes in children who underwent ileal neoappendicostomy for ACE. Medical records were reviewed for data on demography, intra- and postoperative complications. A follow-up questionnaire on stoma problems, ACE-related problems, bowel function, patient satisfaction, well-being, and effect on daily activities was performed.
Ten patients were included at an average age of 10.6 years at surgery. In half of the patients, minor postoperative complications (Clavien-Dindo grade 2 or less) were found. Nine patients answered the questionnaire with a mean follow-up of 57 months. Despite complaints of stomal leakage, difficulties with catheterization, and pain during irrigation, they reported a high grade of satisfaction, improvements in well-being, and bowel function and the achievement of continence.
Ileal neoappendicostomy may be an alternative to ACE in children with severe and medically intractable constipation and or/and fecal incontinence where the appendix is missing or not available.
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.