Corneal refractive surgeries are one of the commonly performed procedures for correction of refractive errors. Tear film abnormality is the most common postoperative complication of corneal refractive surgeries. Consequently, these procedures represent a clinically significant cause of dry eye disease. The mechanisms which lead to dry eye disease include corneal sensory nerve dysfunction, ocular surface desiccation, glandular apoptosis and ocular surface inflammation. Although transient tear film abnormalities occur in almost all patients following surgery, patients with pre-existing dry eye symptoms or dry eye disease are at significant risk of developing more severe or long-term ocular surface disease. As such, careful patient selection and preoperative evaluation is essential to ensuring successful surgical outcomes. This is particularly important with LASIK which has the strongest association with dry eye disease. Appropriate surface lubrication and anti-inflammatory therapy remains the cornerstone treatment. Timely and effective management is important to facilitate visual rehabilitation and reduce the risk of secondary complications. In this review we describe the causes, pathophysiology, risk factors, manifestations, and management of tear film dysfunction and dry eye disease following corneal refractive surgery.