To report on the impact of COVID-19 on a brain damage unit.
We reviewed the records of all patients admitted to our brain damage unit. The study included all the significant clinical events from the first positive qualitative real-time reverse-transcriptase-polymerase-chain-reaction assay (April 8th, 2020) for SARS-CoV-2 to the day all patients tested negative (June 8th, 2020).
Of the 20 patients (14 men) (age 57.7 ± 14.9; 2-71 months after brain damage; all with a modified Rankin scale score > 4), 16 tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 and remained positive for a mean of 32.3 days (ranging from 26 to 61). One patient died from COVID-19, while 12 patients were asymptomatic and three suffered mild pneumonia without acute respiratory distress syndrome. All patients received prophylactic subcutaneous heparin. Intravenous methylprednisolone was prescribed for three patients with bilateral pneumonia with excellent results.
Most positive cases (93.7%) were not severe. The good outcome was most likely due to the use of prophylactic anticoagulation therapy, the early use of methylprednisolone for pneumonia and the previously reported immunosuppression amid patients with brain damage. This study hopes to encourage further study into brain damage immunity.

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