This study evaluates the impact of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) on recurrences of ventricular tachyarrhythmias in recipients of implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD).
Data regarding recurrences of ventricular tachyarrhythmias in ICD recipients according to LVEF is limited.
A large retrospective registry was used, including all consecutive ICD recipients with episodes of ventricular tachycardia (VT) or fibrillation (VF) from 2002 to 2016. Patients with LVEF <35% were compared to patients with LVEF ≥35%. The primary end point was first recurrences of ventricular tachyarrhythmias at 5 years. Secondary end points were ICD-related therapies, rehospitalization, and all-cause mortality at 5 years. Cox regression, Kaplan Meier, and propensity score matching analyses were applied.
A total of 528 consecutive ICD recipients were included (51% with LVEF ≥35% and 49% with LVEF <35%). LVEF <35% was associated with reduced freedom from recurrent ventricular tachyarrhythmias (40 vs. 49%, log rank p = 0.014; hazard ratio [HR] = 1.381; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.066-1.788; p = 0.034), mainly attributed to recurrent sustained VT in primary preventive ICD recipients. Accordingly, LVEF <35% was associated with reduced freedom from first appropriate ICD therapies (28 vs. 41%, log rank p = 0.001; HR = 1.810; 95% CI 1.185-2.766; p = 0.001). Finally, LVEF <35% was associated with a higher rate of rehospitalization (23 vs. 34%; p = 0.005) and all-cause mortality at 5 years (13 vs. 29%; p = 0.001).
LVEF <35% was associated with reduced freedom from recurrent ventricular tachyarrhythmias, appropriate device therapies, rehospitalization and all-cause mortality secondary to index ventricular tachyarrhythmias.
© 2020 S. Karger AG, Basel.