To investigate conjunctival microvascular responses in patients with mild diabetic retinopathy (MDR) and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) polymorphisms (D+PM) after administration of Ocufolin™, a medical food containing 900 μg L-methylfolate (levomefolate calcium or [6S]-5-methyltetrahydrofolic acid, calcium salt), methylcobalamin, and other ingredients.
Eight D+PM patients received Ocufolin™ for six months (6M). Bulbar conjunctival microvasculature and microcirculation metrics, including vessel diameter (D), axial blood flow velocity (Va), cross-sectional blood flow velocity (Vs), flow rate (Q), and vessel density (VD, Dbox), were measured at baseline, 4M, and 6M.
The mean age was 54 ± 7 years. No significant demographic differences were found. Conjunctival microcirculation, measured as Va, Vs, and Q was significantly increased at 4M and 6M, compared to baseline.Va was 0.44 ± 0.10 mm/s, 0.58 ± 0.13 mm/s, 0.59 ± 0.13 mm/s in baseline, 4M, and 6M, respectively (P < 0.01). Similarly, Vs was 0.31 ± 0.07 mm/s, 0.40 ± 0.09 mm/s, 0.41 ± 0.09 mm/s in baseline, 4M, and 6M, respectively (P < 0.05). Q was 107.8 ± 49.4 pl/s, 178.0 ± 125.8 pl/s, 163.3 ± 85.8 mm/s in baseline, 4M, and 6M, respectively (P < 0.05). The VD at 6M was significantly higher than that at baseline (P = 0.017). Changes of D were positively correlated with changes of Va, Q, and VD. Effects of MTHFR and haptoglobin polymorphisms on the improvements of conjunctival microcirculation and microvasculature were found.
Ocufolin™ supplementation improves conjunctival microcirculation in patients with diabetic retinopathy and common folate polymorphisms.

Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Inc.