Kidney dysfunction frequently occurred after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). Chronic renal disease (CKD) is a complicated problem and is associated with increased mortality. The aim of this study is to find the risk factors for the incidence of CKD at 1 year after OLT in China.
From January 2017 to December 2017, we retrospectively assessed 280 recipients in our single center. Chronic renal failure was defined as estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) < 60 mL/min/1.73 m for 3 months, regardless of the presence or absence of structural kidney damage. Cox proportional hazard model was used to identify the factors to the incidence of CKD after liver transplantations. Kaplan-Meier plots with log-rank test were presented to evaluate patient survival time in those with and without CKD.
With a median follow-up of 17.4 months, 48 patients developed CKD after liver transplantations, representing 17.1% of the cohort. The cox-regression model showed that recipients age (HR = 1.097, P < 0.01), AKI (HR = 1.542, P < 0.01) and MELD score (HR = 1.077, P < 0.01) were significantly associated with the development of post-transplant CKD at 1 year. Recipient survival at 1 year was significantly worse in recipients with CKD compared to those without CKD (P < 0.01) after adjustment by age and gender.
Our findings suggested that age, AKI and MELD score were associated with the incidence of CKD 1 year after OLT in a Chinese cohort. Recipients with CKD were associated with worse survival.