This was a prospective surveillance study over 11 years of adults with influenza-like-illness (ILI) hospitalized in surgery, medicine and geriatric wards in a tertiary acute-care hospital in Lyon, France. Nasal swabs were systematically collected from those with ILI and tested for influenza by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction at the national influenza reference laboratory (Lyon, France).
Influenza was laboratory confirmed at a rate of 1 in 13 patients who developed ILI during their hospitalization. Having an underlying disease was an important characteristic of hospital-acquired ILI cases. Cardiovascular disease was the most frequent underlying condition in both influenza-positive and influenza-negative patients. Complications were more frequent for influenza-positive than influenza-negative patients. The influenza incidence rate was highest in the geriatric ward and increased over the study period.
Hospital-acquired influenza poses a significant risk to already vulnerable patients. Longitudinal surveillance data are essential to support better recognition and monitoring of viral infections in hospitals.
Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Inc.