Percutaneous left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO) is an alternative nonpharmacological therapeutic option for stroke prevention in patients with NVAF. However, no data exist on potential LAAO candidates’ prevalence among ‘real-world’ NVAF patients. This study aimed to investigate the indications for LAAO in hospitalized patients with comorbid nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF).
This is a post-hoc analysis of the MISOAC-AF (Motivational Interviewing to Support OAC-AF, NCT02941978), randomized controlled trial, which enrolled NVAF patients hospitalized for any reason in a tertiary cardiology department. In this analysis, patients with a history of major bleeding or stroke under OAC therapy were considered to have a strong indication for LAAO.
A total of 980 patients with NVAF were studied (mean age 73.9 ± 10.9 years, 54.7% men). Prior major bleeding occurred in 134 (13.7%) patients (intracranial bleeding in 1%, upper and lower gastrointestinal bleeding in 6.4 and 8.9%, respectively). A total of 58 (5.9%) patients experienced an embolic stroke while being treated using OAC. Overall, either of these events was prevalent in 173 (17.7%) patients, denoting a strong indication for LAAO.
Almost one out of six patients hospitalized with comorbid NVAF may be considered eligible for percutaneous LAAO for stroke prevention.Trial Identification: NCT02941978,

Copyright © 2021 Italian Federation of Cardiology. All rights reserved.