The Ortho-SUV frame (OSF) is a hexapod external fixator widely applied in orthopedics deformity correction. The possibility of collision between OSF’s struts and the soft tissue is an essential but overlooked issue. To avoid the issue, a novel collision detection algorithm is established based on a cone-cylinder model of the tibial limb-strut interaction for detecting the closeness of the tibial limb and external fixator. The algorithm is constructed using the vector analysis based on the model of the minimum distance between the truncated cone generatrix and the cylinder axis. The motion simulation is performed on the overall alignment through the Solidworks-motion module to verify the feasibility of the algorithm. Subsequently, the installation parameter deviations of the bone-fixator system are described to investigate the influence of orientation and position deviation on the closeness of the tibial limb and external fixator through the numerical method. The investigation results show that the orientation deviation γ (around the z-axis), the position deviation τ and τ (along the x and y-axes, respectively) have greater sensitivity to closeness and the influence of multiple deviations on the closeness has the property of superposition. The proposed algorithm can assist clinicians to strictly design and appraise frame configurations prior to their application to avoid the collision between the external fixator and the limbs during the correction. It has great application significance in the development of computer-aided correction software. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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