The goal of this study was to investigate the influence of the ceramic translucency, restoration type and polymerization time on the relative degree of conversion of a dual-curing resin cement and a conventional microhybrid resin composite using a high-power light-curing device.
Two 4.0 mm thick onlay (O) and two 7.5 mm thick endocrown (E) lithium disilicate restorations in high and low translucency (HT/LT) were fabricated on a decapitated molar. The pulp chamber was prepared to accommodate a 2 mm layer of a microhybrid resin composite (MHC) or dual-curing resin cement (DCC). Composite specimens were light-cured (n = 15; 1200 mW/cm) without or through an onlay or endocrown restoration. Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) absorbance curves were collected for the same composite specimen after 3 × 20, 3 × 40, 3 × 60 and 3 × 90 s of light-curing. The relative degree of conversion (DC%) was calculated and results analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis test and Friedman’s ANOVA. Alpha was set at 0.05.
After 3 × 60 s, the DC of MHC was significantly lower (p = 0.03; r = 0.61) under LT/EC restorations (Mdn: 77.8%) than HT/EC restorations (Mdn: 95.2%). DC of the DCC was not significantly affected by the ceramic translucency or restoration type. MHC had a significant higher DC than DCC under the HT/O, LT/O and HT/E restorations. There were no significant differences between MHC and DCC cured through LT/E restorations.
DC for DCC was not significantly affected by the ceramic translucency or restoration type. DC for MHC was significantly lower for LT/EC than HT/EC restorations after 3 × 60s polymerization, but not different for the high translucent restorations and low translucent onlays.
the use of light-curing microhybrid composite for bonding high translucent onlays and endocrowns and low translucent onlays seems feasible.

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