Osteosarcoma (OSA) is the most common primary bone cancer in children, adolescents and dogs. Current combination surgical and chemotherapeutic treatments have increased survival. However, in recurrent or metastatic disease settings, the prognosis significantly decreases, representing an urgent need for better second-line and novel chemotherapeutics. The current gold standard for combination chemotherapy in OSA often includes a platinum agent, for example, cisplatin or carboplatin. These platinum agents are shuttled within the cell via copper transporters. Recent interest in targeting copper transport has been directed towards antioxidant protein 1 (Atox1) and copper chaperone for superoxide dismutase 1 (CCS), with Atox1 demonstrating the ability to aggregate platinum agents, preventing them from forming DNA adducts. DC_AC50 is a small molecule inhibitor of both Atox1 and CCS. To assess the impact of targeting these pathways on chemotherapy response, two human and two canine OSA cell lines were utilized. After treatment with single agent or combination drugs, cell viability was evaluated and pharmacological synergism calculated using the combination index method. Apoptosis, cell cycle distribution, clonogenic survival and migration were also evaluated. DC_AC50 synergised with carboplatin in combination treatment of human and canine OSA cells to reduce cancer cell viability. DC_AC50-treated cells were significantly less mitotically active, as demonstrated by decreased expression of phospho-histone H3 and cell cycle analysis. DC_AC50 also potentiated carboplatin-induced apoptosis in OSA cells and decreased clonogenic survival. Finally, DC_AC50 reduced the migratory ability of OSA cells. These results justify further investigation into inhibiting intracellular copper chaperones as a means of reducing/preventing acquired chemotherapy resistance. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
November 1, 2019
Risk factors for severe COVID-19 disease and death in patients aged 70 and over: a retrospective observational cohort study.
February 25, 2021
- ASCO – Lung CancerASCO.20 Virtual Scientific Program, held May 29 - 31, brought professionals from all over the world together to hear the brightest minds in oncology present state-of-the-art treatment modalities and new therapies.
- AACR-2020The American Association for Cancer Research is the world's oldest and largest professional association related to cancer research.
- ACC 2020The American College of Cardiology decided to cancel ACC.20/WCC due to COVID-19, which was scheduled to take place March 28-30 in Chicago. However, ACC.20/WCC Virtual Meeting continues to release cutting edge science and practice changing updates for cardiovascular professionals on demand and free through June 2020.
- ASCO 2019The 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting, taking place May 31-June 4 in Chicago, will bring together more than 32,000 oncology professionals from across the globe. The theme of this year’s conference is Caring for Every Patient, Learning From Every Patient.