A 24-year-old man with a history of recent ischaemic stroke was diagnosed with patent foramen ovale (PFO) and referred for closure at our hospital. At admission, besides low peripheral oxygen saturation (88%), physical examination was otherwise normal. We performed intraprocedural transoesophageal echocardiogram that revealed no PFO, although agitated saline injection demonstrated bubbles lately on the left atrium. The atrial septum could not be crossed. We suspected an extracardiac shunt, so pulmonary angiograms were performed that revealed the presence of a left pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (PAVM). A Konar-MF Occluder was used to occlude the PAVM, with a satisfactory result. At 6 months follow-up, the patient had normal peripheral oxygen saturation and a new pulmonary angiogram showed no residual shunt. Intrapulmonary shunts are a rare and under-recognised cause of paradoxical emboli in young patients; physicians should be aware of this diagnosis as percutaneous occlusion is indicated and critical to avoid recurrent ischaemic episodes.
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