Left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) provide mechanical circulatory support for patients with advanced heart failure. Intracranial hemorrhage in this population represent a significant management challenge. The objective of this study is to report our initial experience on same-admission outcomes with LVAD patients that presented with various types of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH).
A retrospective review of a large volume center over a two-year period was performed. LVAD patients with ICH requiring a neurosurgical consultation were identified. Hemorrhage type, interventions, discharge disposition and cause of death were recorded.
27 LVAD patients with ICH received a neurosurgical consultation. The average INR at the time of ICH was 2.7 (1.0-8.8). Hemorrhage types seen were lobar (10/27, 37 %), SAH (5/27, 19 %), SDH (4/27, 15 %), cerebellar ICH (3/27, 11 %), multiple ICH (3/27, 11 %), and hemorrhagic conversion (2/27, 7 %). The overall mortality rate was 48.2 % (13/27), with the highest mortality being in those patients who had multiple ICH at the time of presentation (3/3, 100 %). The majority of patients with ICH (85.2 %) were non-operative. Lobar IPH was <3 cm in 80 % (8/10) of these, and 6/8 (75 %) ultimately died. 11 %(3/27) received surgical intervention. Of these, 67 % ultimately withdrew care. 77 % (10/13) of patients died as a result of the ICH. 80 % of patients with SAH were ultimately discharged home.
Patients with a LVAD and ICH have a high rate of same-admission mortality (48 %). Hemorrhage location, intra-axial or extra-axial, resulted in patients being a risk for death secondary to either the hemorrhage itself or pump thrombosis, respectively.

Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier B.V.