The latest WHO classification of tumors of the digestive system (2019) has introduced new concepts for the stratification of intraductal neoplasms of the pancreas, mostly based on molecular genetics and malignant potential. Among them, pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasias (PanINs) and intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMN) are both precursors of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, whereas intraductal oncocytic papillary neoplasms (IOPN) and intraductal tubulopapillary neoplasms (ITPN) are usually associated with less aggressive subtypes of pancreatic cancer and therefore have a much better prognosis. Hence, it is of utmost importance to correctly classify these lesions and to distinguish them from each other as well as from other nonductal types of neoplasms, which can rarely display an intraductal growth, such as neuroendocrine tumors and acinar cell carcinomas. PanIN are microscopic lesions with limited clinical significance. In contrast, all other intraductal neoplasms can be identified as cystic processes and/or solid tumors by means of imaging, thereby setting an indication for a potential surgical resection. This review presents diagnostically relevant aspects of intraductal neoplasms of the pancreas, which are instrumental for the discussion within interdisciplinary tumor boards (resection vs. watch-and-wait strategies) as well as to determine the extent of resection intraoperatively.
© 2021. Springer Medizin Verlag GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature.