Although the T helper 2 (Th2) subset is a critical player in the humoral immune response to extracellular parasites and suppression of Th1-mediated inflammation, Th2 cells have been implicated in allergic inflammatory diseases such as asthma, allergic rhinitis, and atopic dermatitis. GATA binding protein 3 (GATA3) is a primary transcription factor that mediates Th2 differentiation and secretion of Th2 cytokines, including IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13. Here, a nucleus-deliverable form of GATA3-transcription modulation domain (TMD) (ndG3-TMD) was generated using Hph-1 human protein transduction domain (PTD) to modulate the transcriptional function of endogenous GATA3 without genetic manipulation. ndG3-TMD was shown to be efficiently delivered into the cell nucleus quickly without affecting cell viability or intracellular signaling events for T cell activation. ndG3-TMD exhibited a specific inhibitory function for the endogenous GATA3-mediated transcription, such as Th2 cell differentiation and Th2-type cytokine production. Intranasal administration of ndG3-TMD significantly alleviated airway hyperresponsiveness, infiltration of immune cells, and serum IgE level in an OVA-induced mouse model of asthma. Also, Th2 cytokine secretion by the splenocytes isolated from the ndG3-TMD-treated mice substantially decreased. Our results suggest that ndG3-TMD can be a new therapeutic reagent to suppress Th2-mediated allergic diseases through intranasal delivery.
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