With IRB approval, we prospectively collected data on consecutive cases of transperineal male AUS implantation. Urethral circumference was measured with no urethral catheter (0 French [Fr]), 12Fr, and 16Fr Foley catheters in the urethra. The final measurements and cuff size chosen were recorded. A comparison was made between each measurement using Spearman’s correlation coefficient.
A total of 54 patients were included, the majority of whom (92.6%) underwent AUS placement for postprostatectomy incontinence. The three urethral circumference measurements were highly correlated (0Fr vs 12Fr, ρ = 0.96, P < .001, mean difference 1 mm) (0Fr vs 16Fr, ρ = 0.94, P < .001, mean difference 2 mm) (12Fr vs 16Fr, ρ = 0.96, P < .001, mean difference 1 mm). Patients with a history of radiation had a lower mean urethral circumference than those who had never been radiated (4.78 cm vs 5.3 cm, P = .01).
Urethral circumference measurement during AUS implantation is not influenced by the presence of a 12 or 16Fr Foley catheter when compared to no catheter in the urethra. Measurement of the urethral circumference can, therefore, be accurately performed with or without a catheter in place, depending on the surgeon’s preference.
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