The lack of an established treatment standard prompted an examination of whether kambakutaisoto, an herbal formula, is effective for non-rapid eye movement (NREM)-related parasomnias and night crying (provisionally defined as an infantile form of arousal parasomnia).
This study included 137 children aged median 4.1 years (range, 0.02-18.5) who were admitted for hematological and oncological diseases.
Of 137, 3 children developed recurrent episodes of NREM-related parasomnias, and 3 developed night crying. The proportion of children with night-crying/parasomnia receiving invasive procedures was significantly higher than those without (100% vs. 47%, = .013). All 6 children with night crying/parasomnia received kambakutaisoto at a dose of 0.13-0.22 g/kg per os and responded from the start of administration with a significant reduction in the number of episodes. No adverse effects were observed.
Kambakutaisoto may be a safe and promising therapy for night crying and NREM-related parasomnias in children.