Paclitaxel (PTX) resistance contributes to mortality in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). Aerobic glycolysis is elevated in the tumor environment and may influence resistance to PTX in EOC. KH domain-containing, RNA-binding signal transduction-associated protein 3 (KHDRBS3) is an RNA binding protein that is up-regulated in EOC, but its underlying mechanism in EOC is unclear. Here, we investigate the role of KHDRBS3 in glycolysis and increased resistance to PTX. Expression of KHDRBS3 and Claudin (CLDN6) were measured in EOC tissue and cells by quantitative real-time PCR, western blotting and immunohistochemistry. The biological functions of KHDRBS3, MIR17HG and CLDN6 were examined using MTT, colony formation, apoptosis and seahorse assays in vitro. For in vivo experiments, a xenograft model was used to investigate the effects of KHDRBS3 and MIR17HG in EOC. Here, we investigate the role of KHDRBS3 in glycolysis and increased resistance to PTX. The expression of KHDRBS3 was up-regulated in PTX-resistant cells. KHDRBS3 knockdown restrained the IC of PTX, cell proliferation, colony formation and glycolysis in SKOV3-R and A2780-R cells in vitro and enhanced PTX sensitivity in a xenograft mouse model in vivo. KHDRBS3 interacts with lncRNA MIR17HG, which is down-regulated in EOC tissue and cells. The effect of KHDRBS3 overexpression on PTX resistance and glycolysis was rescued by MIR17HG overexpression. Additionally, MIR17HG interacts with the 3’UTR of CLDN6 and negatively regulates CLDN6 expression. MIR17HG overexpression suppressed the IC of PTX and glycolysis by targeting CLDN6. Our results reveal a KHDRBS3-MIR17HG-CLDN6 regulatory axis that contributes to enhanced glycolysis in EOC and represents a potential target for therapy.
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