The lens-iris diaphragm retropulsion syndrome (LIDRS) corresponds to an acute deepening of the anterior chamber during phacoemulsification. LIDRS is painful for the patient and sometimes causes intraoperative complications. This study was designed to assess the preoperative risk factors of LIDRS and its outcome.
Monocentric study in the university department of ophthalmology, Intercommunal Hospital Center, Creteil, France.
Prospective observational study.
Preoperative parameters of consecutive patients who underwent cataract surgery were recorded. LIDRS occurrence was evaluated during surgery and classified into 3 stages. Except for the first patient, a simple and rapid maneuver to separate the iris from the capsule was performed in all patients with LIDRS.
LIDRS occurred in 101 out of 205 included eyes: mild in 73.2%, marked in 16.8%, and severe in 9.9%. LIDRS patients were younger, and had a longer axial length and a thinner lens than the control group (p < 0.01 for all). Univariate logistic regression showed that the main predictive factors of LIDRS were long axial length and decreased lens thickness. LIDRS occurred in 83% (5/6) of eyes with prior vitrectomy. Complications occurred (zonular dehiscence, lens or IOL dislocation), especially in vitrectomized eyes. The maneuver separating the iris from the capsule allowed almost all eyes to restore normal chamber depth and prevent complications.
Myopia and prior vitrectomy were the main risk factors of LIDRS. The maneuver separating the iris from the capsule allowed almost all eyes to resolve LIDRS. Analysis of preoperative factors can help the surgeon identify patients at risk and prevent patient pain and intraoperative complications associated with LIDRS.