Compared with what is known about the prognostic value of lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] in middle-aged patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD), less is understood concerning the role of Lp(a) in oldest-old (≥80 years old) with ASCVD. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between Lp(a) and cardiovascular death (CD) among the oldest-old with acute myocardial infarction (AMI).
A total of 1008 patients with AMI, older than 80 years, were consecutively enrolled between January 2012 and August 2018. The clinical characteristics were collected and Lp(a) concentrations were measured by the immunoturbidimetric method at baseline. The relationship between plasma Lp(a) concentration (≤10 mg/dL, 10-30 mg/dL, >30 mg/dL) and CD was evaluated by Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox proportional hazard models.
During an average of 36.26 months of follow-up, 287 CD occurred. Data showed that patients with high Lp(a) levels (>30 mg/dL) had the highest rate of CD (p 30 mg/dL had a 1.5-fold (95% confidence interval: 1.083-2.132) higher risk of CD compared with those with Lp(a) ≤10 mg/dL in fully adjusted Cox proportional hazards model.
The current data firstly showed that plasma Lp(a) concentration was associated with the risk of CD in oldest-old with AMI, suggesting that Lp(a) could be a useful adjunctive measurement in the evaluation of CD in this population.
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