As a dominant cardiovascular disease, myocardial infarction (MI) causes a considerable mortality globally. KCNQ1 overlapping transcript 1 (KCNQ1OT1) was reported to be overexpressed in MI patients. However, the detailed mechanisms remain unclear.
We analyzed the expression of KCNQ1OT1 in the serum of MI patients, and built ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) mouse and H/R-induced cell model. TTC staining was used to evaluate infarct size in mice. TUNEL was employed to assess cell apoptosis. QRT-PCR was performed to detect the expression of KCNQ1OT1 and miR-26a-5p. The formation of autophagosomes in cells was detected by immunofluorescence. Caspase3 activity was detected by the Caspase-3 Assay Kit. Autophagy and apoptosis-related proteins were assessed by western blotting. Luciferase reporter assay was used to assess the binding relationship of KCNQ1OT1 and miR-26a-5p and miR-20a-5p/ATG12.
KCNQ1OT1 was up-regulated while miR-26a-5p was decreased in MI patients, I/R mouse and H/R-induced cell model. KCNQ1OT1 knockdown inhibited cell autophagy and protected cardiomyocytes from apoptosis by up-regulating miR-26a-5p. Either KCNQ1OT1 knockdown or miR-26a-5p mimics caused inhibition of autophagy related 12 homolog (ATG12), which was the direct target of miR-26a-5p. In vivo, KCNQ1OT1 promoted cardiomyocytes apoptosis via miR-26a-5p/ATG12 pathway.
KCNQ1OT1/miR-26a-5p/ATG12 axis regulated cardiomyocyte autophagy and apoptosis, both in vivo and in vitro. These data supported that KCNQ1OT1 inhibition might be a promising therapeutic option for protection after MI.

Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier B.V.