Therapeutic effectiveness in breast cancer can be limited by the underlying mechanisms of pathogenesis, including epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), cancer stem cells (CSCs) and drug resistance. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs) are master regulators of gene expression and are functionally important mediators in these mechanisms of pathogenesis. Intricate crosstalks between these non-coding RNAs form complex regulatory networks of post transcriptional gene regulation. Depending on the specific lncRNA/miRNA interaction, the lncRNA-miRNA axis can have tumor suppressor or oncogenic effects, thus defining the lncRNA-miRNA axis is important for determining targetability. Herein, we summarize the current literature describing lncRNA-microRNA interactions that are critical in the molecular mechanisms that regulate EMT, CSCs and drug resistance in breast cancer. Further, we review both the well-studied and potential novel mechanisms of lncRNA-miRNA interactions in breast cancer.
Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier B.V.