: Cardiovascular implantable electronic device (CIED) treatment is widely used in modern cardiology. Indications for this type of treatment are increasing. However, a significant proportion of CIED implantation patients require subsequent hospitalization for cardiovascular reasons. Older age and the associated complex clinical picture necessitate multidisciplinary outpatient specialist care for these patients. The aim of this study was to analyze the reasons for subsequent hospitalizations in the cardiology department and the impact of outpatient specialty care on these hospitalizations. To the best of our knowledge, there are no such studies in the available literature. : This study was conducted on a population of patients treated with CIED. Reasons for subsequent hospitalizations were divided into clinically and statistically valid groups according to the main diagnosis. Using an electronic database, causes of hospitalization were determined based on this diagnosis. Using data on consultations at outpatient specialty clinics, a logistic regression model was created for the probability of subsequent hospitalization for cardiovascular causes according to the specialty of the clinic. The 9-year follow-up included a population of 2071 patients treated with CIED. During the follow-up period, 508 patients (approximately 24.5%) required subsequent hospitalization for cardiovascular reasons. The most common leading causes were heart failure, atrial fibrillation, and coronary artery disease. The need for consultation at outpatient specialty clinics increased the likelihood of hospitalization. Moreover, the need to consult patients in nephrology outpatient, pulmonary disease outpatient, and orthopedic outpatient clinics was the most significant. The use of electronic implantable cardiovascular devices is a very important part of therapy in modern cardiology. The methods for their use are constantly being improved. However, they represent only one stage of cardiac treatment. After CIED procedures, patients require further care in both inpatient and outpatient specialty care settings. In this paper, we outline the reasons for subsequent hospitalizations and the importance of outpatient specialty care in this context. Effective organization of care after CIED procedures may be important in reducing the most expensive component of this care, that is, inpatient treatment.
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