Hormone therapies, particularly those targeting estrogen and its receptors, are a key treatment modality for patients with estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast or ovarian cancer. Some gastric cancers (GCs) express ERs, and preclinical studies suggest the potential of estrogen-targeting hormone therapy on GC; however, the clinical relevance of this hormone therapy on GC treatment has not been well elucidated.
An 80-year-old female was admitted to our department with hypogastric pain and vomiting. Computed tomography demonstrated small bowel obstruction, and laparotomy after bowel decompression revealed peritoneal dissemination consisting of a poorly-differentiated adenocarcinoma. Intestinal bypass between the ileum and transverse colon was performed.
The tumor was ER- and mammaglobin-positive, indicating that it originated from a breast cancer. Diagnostic imaging revealed no evidence of breast cancer; however, right axillary ER- and mammaglobin-positive lymphadenopathy was found.
The patient received hormone therapy using letrozole based on a clinical diagnosis of occult breast cancer with peritoneal dissemination and right axillary lymph node metastasis.
The patient remained disease free until 37 months but deceased at 53 months from the onset of disease. An autopsy revealed no tumor cells in the right breast tissue; however, there was a massive invasion of cancer cells in the stomach.
A patient with ER positive GC with peritoneal dissemination and right axillary lymph node metastasis presented remarkable response to letrozole. The long-term survival obtained using letrozole for a patient with GC with distant metastasis suggests the potential of estrogen targeting hormone therapies for GC.

Copyright © 2021 the Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.