In a prospective study, all IBD patients followed at our referral centre between May 27th and July 21st, 2020 and fulfilling the inclusion criteria were tested for SARS-CoV-2 IgG. Specific IgG antibodies were evaluated by a commercial ELISA kit and SARS-CoV-2 nasopharyngeal swab was performed in seropositive patients.
Two-hundred and eighteen patients, 128 Crohn’s disease (CD) and 90 Ulcerative colitis (UC) [age 44, (19-77) years; ongoing biologics in 115 (52.7%)] were enrolled. No patient had major SARS-CoV-2-related symptoms. SARS-CoV-2 IgG were detected in 3 out of 218 (1.37%) patients with IBD (2 CD and 1 UC), all on biologics (2.6%). In all of the 3 seropositive patients, the nasopharyngeal swab was negative. There was no relationship between SARS-CoV-2 seroprevalence and the demographic/clinical characteristics of IBD patients. In contrast, history of recent travel was more frequent in the SARS-CoV-2 seropositive patients (2/3; 66.6%) than in SARS-CoV-2 seronegative patients [7/215 (3.25%); p<0.0001].
The prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 IgG seropositivity in IBD patients appears to be comparable to the non-IBD population and not influenced by ongoing treatments. Risk factors for infection common to the general non-IBD population should be considered when managing patients with IBD.