Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is considered one of the most common endocrine disorders with heterogeneity. There are also reports that liver receptor homolog 1 [LRH-1 or nuclear receptor subfamily 5 group A member 2] plays an important role in the reproductive system. But up to now, there are no reports related to the link with PCOS and LRH-1. In this study, we aimed to detect the LRH-1 expression in the ovarian granulosa cell (GC) of PCOS patients and explore the potential relationship between LRH-1 and PCOS.
In all, 146 follicular fluid samples were collected in this study, including 72 from PCOS patients and 74 from control patients who underwent intracytoplasmic sperm injection or in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer. The ovarian GCs were extracted from the patient’s follicular fluid by magnetic-activated cell sorting method, and real-time quantitative PCR was used to measure the expression of LRH-1 in ovarian GCs. Then we analyzed the correlation between the expression level of LRH-1 and the clinical characteristics of the patient by using Pearson Correlation analysis.
The expression of LRH-1 was significantly higher in PCOS patients ovarian GCs than that in the control patients [(1.38 ± 0.47) vs (1.03 ± 0.32), t = 5.327, p < 0.0001], and it was positively correlated with antral follicles counting (r = 0.3607, p < 0.0001) and the serum anti-Mullerian hormone (r = 0.2662, p = 0.0012), luteotropic hormone (r = 0.2518, p = 0.0022), testosterone (r = 0.2794, p = 0.0006) in all patients. No statistical significance between LRH-1 and body mass index, follicle-stimulating hormone, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, progesterone.
Compared with the control group, we found that LRH-1 was highly expressed in the ovarian GCs of PCOS patients. Our study has revealed the relationship between the LRH-1 expression and PCOS, which suggested that LRH-1 may play an important role in ovulation disorders. While this finding provided new ideas for the study of pathogenesis, it also provided a theoretical basis for the clinical diagnosis and treatment for PCOS.