A clinical chart review was conducted at three optometric practices in the United States, the United Kingdom and Canada and subjective refraction data from 88,891 patients 14-70 years of age who presented with at least -0.25DC refractive astigmatism in at least one eye were included in the analysis. Data were obtained at these practices between January 2014 and March 2017. The overall distribution (%) and magnitude (DC) of astigmatism was determined and refractive differences between eyes were identified.
The mean age of the patients was 42.1 ± 15.9 years and included 51,685 (58%) female and 37,206 (42%) male patients. In this data pool of 177,782 eyes, 10.9% required zero astigmatic correction, while 56.2% had astigmatism of -0.25 to -0.75DC. In total 23.9% of patients presented with astigmatism of at least -0.75DC in only one eye, while the other eye had 0 to -0.50DC. Overall, the difference in astigmatism between eyes was less than -0.75DC for 82.1% of astigmatic patients. For patients who presented with astigmatism of -1.00DC in the right eye, 80.8% of them had an astigmatic prescription of -1.00 ± 0.50DC in the left eye. For an astigmatic prescription of -4.00DC in the right eye, only 40.6% of patients exhibited astigmatism of -4.00DC ± 0.50DC in the left eye.
The majority of patients exhibited a difference in astigmatism between eyes of less than -0.75DC, however the refractive cylinder power symmetry was significantly lower in patients with higher refractive astigmatism.
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