The incidence of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma has been increasing rapidly in recent years, especially among the elderly. The purpose of this review article is to summarize the findings of studies on systemic therapy for advanced cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma, to review geriatric screening tools, which can assess frailty and predict treatment outcomes, and discuss the indications of their use in advanced cases. A literature review revealed that studies on systemic therapy for advanced cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma often included relatively older patients. However, there has been little research on the safety and efficacy of systemic therapy for advanced disease that takes older age and frailty into account. Notably, studies on geriatric screening for skin cancer have been conducted in recent years, mainly to detect early-stage resectable cases. The Geriatric 8 screening tool is considered the most useful for predicting post-operative complications in patients with early-stage cancer, as it can evaluate comorbidities, polypharmacy and cognition, has appropriate measurement properties, can be quickly executed and is clinically relevant, easily understandable and interpretable. This geriatric screening tool may also be applicable in advanced-stage cancer. In conclusion, despite the fact that advanced cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma occurs mainly in the elderly, the importance of geriatric screening has not yet been fully appreciated by dermato-oncologists. In the future, geriatric screening tools should be actively used in clinical trials for the appropriate assessment of drug efficacy and toxicity in elderly patients with advanced cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma.
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