Neural abnormalities in emotional response inhibition still exist in the euthymic phase of bipolar disorder (BD). Few studies on comparisons of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) manifestations between different mood phases of pediatric bipolar disorder (PBD) have ever been published. The goal of this study was to explore the differences in neural activities between manic and euthymic PBD during emotional response inhibition.
Simultaneous imaging of neural activity was recorded during an emotional Go/Nogo paradigm and the effect of emotional response inhibition was analyzed. Neural activities were compared between the three groups.
In the presence of emotional versus neutral distractors, both manic and euthymic PBD subjects similarly showed widespreadly increased activities in the cognitive and emotional regulation circuits compared with healthy individuals. Compared with euthymic PBD patients, those with manic PBD exhibited increased activities in the left superior frontal gyrus. Hyperactivity in the left superior frontal, left middle frontal and right inferior frontal gyrus in manic PBD was positively associated with false response errors.
Increased activity in the left superior frontal gyrus may be characteristic of manic episodes in PBD patients, and such a disparity between manic and euthymic phrases may attribute to more severe emotional dysregulation.

Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier B.V.