IRE1α endonuclease is a key regulator of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress that controls cell survival/apoptosis in cancers. Inhibition of IRE1α endonuclease leads to decreased splice XBP1 which decreases cell proliferation and increases cell death in cancer cells. Therefore, this study investigated the effects and mechanism of STF-083010 (an IRE1α inhibitor) on the cell growth/apoptosis of ovarian malignant cells via the XBP1-CHOP-Bim pathway following the induction of ER stress (ERS). ERS in OVCAR3 and SKOV3 cells was measured using Thioflavin T staining. The expression of ER stress response genes was evaluated by QRT-PCR. The levels of XBP1(s), PERK, phospho-PERK, p-PP2A, ATF4, BIP/GRP78, CHOP, and Bim proteins were evaluated using western blotting. Cell viability and apoptosis in STF-083010 and Tunicamycin (Tm) co-treated cells were assessed using BrdU, MTT, Annexin V-FITC/PI staining, and caspases-12 and -3 activity assays. The results showed increased XBP1, CHOP, and ATF-4 mRNA expression levels as well as high protein aggregation in STF-083010 and Tm co-treated cells. The IRE1α inhibitor down-regulated sXBP1 and BIP proteins, while XBP-1, p-PERK, ATF-4, CHOP, and Bim proteins were up-regulated. STF-083010 reduced cell proliferation and induced apoptosis through the activation of caspases-12 and -3 and Bax/Bcl-2 protein expression. In summary, the present data revealed the effects of STF-083010 in ER stress and apoptosis as well as signaling via XBP1/CHOP/Bim mediators. Thus, STF-083010 is proposed as a new target for the control of ERS in ovarian cancer cells.
Nitidine Chloride Is a Potential Alternative Therapy for Glioma Through Inducing Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress and Alleviating Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition.
March 5, 2020
Association of Cigarette Type and Nicotine Dependence in Patients Presenting for Lung Cancer Screening.
July 2, 2020
- ASCO – Lung CancerASCO.20 Virtual Scientific Program, held May 29 - 31, brought professionals from all over the world together to hear the brightest minds in oncology present state-of-the-art treatment modalities and new therapies.
- AACR-2020The American Association for Cancer Research is the world's oldest and largest professional association related to cancer research.
- ACC 2020The American College of Cardiology decided to cancel ACC.20/WCC due to COVID-19, which was scheduled to take place March 28-30 in Chicago. However, ACC.20/WCC Virtual Meeting continues to release cutting edge science and practice changing updates for cardiovascular professionals on demand and free through June 2020.
ASCO 2019The 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting, taking place May 31-June 4 in Chicago, will bring together more than 32,000 oncology professionals from across the globe. The theme of this year’s conference is Caring for Every Patient, Learning From Every Patient.