Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease remains as one of the main liver disorders worldwide. It is widely accepted that is the kind of lipid, rather than the amount deposited in the cells that determines cell damage. Cholesterol and saturated free fatty acids are deleterious lipids when accumulated but, in contrast, there are some valuable lipids that could counteract those with harmful properties. Much of this knowledge arises from studies using single fatty acid, but it has been poorly addressed the effects of combination of fatty acids, as obtained in diet. In the present work we were focused to figure out the cellular effect of two different mixes of fatty acids, one with high proportion of saturated fatty acids, and another one with high proportion of unsaturated fatty acids (Mediterranean-like) in a cellular model of steatosis.
Primary mouse hepatocytes from animals fed with a western diet (high fat and carbohydrates diet), were treated with both mixes of fatty acids for 24 h.
Our data clearly show that only the high unsaturated fatty acid mix induced a decrease in triglycerides (47.5%) and cholesterol (59%) content in steatotic hepatocytes mediating cellular protection associated to the decrement of ROS and oxidative damage. The mixture of high saturated fatty acids exhibited no effects, preserving high levels of cholesterol and triglycerides and oxidative damage. In conclusion, our results show that Mediterranean-like mix of fatty acids exerts cellular protection in steatosis by decreasing triglycerides, cholesterol, ROS content and oxidative damage.
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