The relation between migraine and vascular risk factors is an unclear issue. Furthermore, the reasons for chronification are still unknown. Probably, the age-related risk and other factors leading to migraine progression will also change in the future. Under these questions, we aimed to investigate whether or not there is a specific association with vascular risk factors between several age groups and subtypes of migraine and also in their families.
A dataset (the Turkish Headache Database) from four tertiary headache centres in Turkey was used. This database included headache-defining features according to ICHD criteria based on face-to-face interviews and examinations by a Neurologist. Vascular risk factors of migraine without aura (MwoA), migraine with aura (MwA) and chronic migraine (CM) were compared between three age groups (under 30 years, 30-50 years and over 50 years) and in first-degree relatives of the patients. Our study included 2712 patients comprising 1868 (68.9 %), 246 (9.1 %) and 598 (22.1 %) subjects with MwoA, MwA and CH, respectively.
This study showed that both the patients and the first-degree relatives were more frequently associated with vascular risk factors in CM than episodic MwA and MwoA. MwoA showed a weaker association with vascular risk factors than MwA and CM.
Chronic migraine was associated with vascular risk factors at all ages and first-degree relatives as well. Vascular risk factors should be investigated with greater focus on chronic migraine.

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