Oxidative stress and inflammatory responses play an important role in acute lung injury (ALI). Although minocycline (MINO) has anti-inflammatory effects and is a promising candidate in treating inflammatory diseases, the effect of MINO on ALI during sepsis is still unclear.
In the present study, a mouse model with intestinal perforation was established. C57BL/6 mice received cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) to induce sepsis-associated ALI. MINO was used to treat the mice via intraperitoneal injection at different doses (negative control, 20 mg/kg, 50 mg/kg and 100 mg/kg, respectively) 24 h after CLP. The severity of lung injury was evaluated by pathological examination, and lung wet / dry weight ratio was calculated to evaluate the severity of pulmonary edema. The changes of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, PGE2, MDA, NF-κB, Nrf2, Keap1 and lncRNA MALAT1 levels in lung tissues of the mice were detected with ELISA, chemical colorimetry, Western blot or qRT-PCR.
MINO ameliorated the lung edema and lung injury of the mice induced by CLP in a dose-dependent manner. MINO administration could significantly down-regulate expressions of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β, PGE2 and MDA in lung tissues of the mice. Mechanistically, MINO exerted the effects of anti-inflammation and anti-oxidative stress through down-regulating the expression of MALAT1 and regulating Nrf2/Keap1 and NF-κB signaling pathways.
MINO represses oxidative stress and inflammatory response during sepsis-induced ALI via down-regulating MALAT1 expression, and it has the potential to treat septic ALI.

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