During the process of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI), the intracellular Ca concentration ([Ca]) continues to increase, leads to the cardiomyocyte apoptosis and eventually causes myocardial damage, while the upstream regulation mechanism of calcium overload is still unknown. This study focuses on the role of miR-219a-2 in MIRI and aims to elaborate its regulatory mechanism on calcium overload that occurs during MIRI.
The expression of miR-219a-2 was determined in the heart tissues of MIRI mice by qRT-PCR. The [Ca] was measured by fluo-3 using a confocal microscope. The expression of hypoxiainducible factor 1α (HIF1α) and NR1, the obligatory subunit of N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor 1 (NMDAR), were measured by qRT-PCR and western blot. The luciferase reporter assay was used to confirm the interplay between miR-219a-2 and HIF1α and the interplay between HIF1α and NR1. The cell apoptosis was measured by the expression level of B-cell lymphoma 2 interacting mediator of cell death (Bim) and the number of TUNEL-positive cells. The myocardial infarct size of mice was measured by TTC/Evans Blue stain.
miR-219a-2 was down-regulated in the heart tissues of MIRI mice. miR-219a-2 overexpression decreased [Ca] and the expression of HIF1α and NR1 in hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)-treated HL-1 cells. Then, the luciferase reporter assay showed that miR-219a-2 inhibited the transcription of HIF1α and HIF1α promoted the transcription of NR1. Both HIF1α overexpression and NMDAR function enhancement removed the inhibitory effect of miR-219a-2 on calcium overload and cell apoptosis in H/R-treated HL-1 cells. Finally, the overexpression of miR-219a-2 decreased Ca concentration, cell apoptosis, and myocardial infarction size in MIRI mice, while the NMDAR function enhancer reserved the therapeutic effect of miR-219a-2.
miR-219a-2 reducing NMDAR mediated calcium overload via HIF1α/NR1 axis, thus alleviating cell apoptosis in MIRI.

Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Inc.