Coronavirus outbreak in December 2019 (COVID-19) is an emerging viral disease that poses major menace to Humans and it’s a crucial need to find the possible treatment strategies. Spike protein (S2), a envelop glycoprotein aids viral entry into the host cells that corresponds to immunogenic ACE2 receptor binding and represents a potential antiviral drug target. Several drugs such as antimalarial, antibiotic, anti-inflammatory and HIV-protease inhibitors are currently undergoing treatment as clinical studies to test the efficacy and safety of COVID-19. Some promising results have been observed with the patients and also with high mortality rate. Hence, there is a need to screen the best CoV inhibitors using insilico analysis. The Molecular methodologies applied in the present study are, Molecular docking, virtual screening, drug-like and ADMET prediction helps to target CoV inhibitors. The results were screened based on docking score, H-bonds, and amino acid interactions. The results shows HIV-protease inhibitors such as cobicistat (-8.3kcal/mol), Darunavir (-7.4kcal/mol), Lopinavir (-9.1kcal/mol) and Ritonavir (-8.0 kcal/mol), anti-inflammatory drugs such as Baricitinib (-5.8kcal/mol), Ruxolitinib (-6.5kcal/mol), Thalidomide (-6.5kcal/mol), antibiotic drugs such as Erythromycin(-9.0kcal/mol) and Spiramycin (-8.5kcal/mol) molecules have good affinity towards spike protein compared to antimalarial drugs Chloroquine (-6.2kcal/mol), Hydroxychloroquine (-5.2kcal/mol) and Artemisinin (-6.8kcal/mol) have poor affinity to spike protein. The insilico pharmacological evaluation shows that these molecules exhibit good affinity of drug-like and ADMET properties. Hence, we propose that HIVprotease, anti-inflammatory and antibiotic inhibitors are the potential lead drug molecules for spike protein and preclinical studies needed to confirm the promising therapeutic ability against COVID-19.
Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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