There are reports describing the relationship between baseline impedance level and esophageal mucosal integrity at endoscopy, such as erosive and nonerosive reflux esophagitis. However, many children with symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease have normal findings or minor changes on esophagogastroduodenoscopy. We aimed to examine whether modest changes at esophagogastroduodenoscopy can be evaluated and correlated with esophageal multichannel intraluminal impedance monitoring.
Patients (ages 0-17 years) with upper gastrointestinal symptoms who underwent combined esophagogastroduodenoscopy and multichannel intraluminal impedance monitoring at the Women’s and Children’s Hospital, Adelaide, Australia, between 2014 and 2016 were retrospectively studied and the following data were collected and used for analysis: demographics, multichannel intraluminal impedance data, included baseline impedance. Endoscopic findings were classified by modified Los Angeles grading, Los Angeles as normal, Los Angeles M as with minimal change such as the erythema, pale mucosa, or friability of the mucosa following biopsy. Patients on proton pump inhibitor were excluded.
Seventy patients (43 boys; 61%) were enrolled with a mean age of 7.9 years (range 10 months to 17 years). Fifty-one patients (72.9%) were allocated to Los Angeles , while Los Angeles was evident in 19 patients (27.1%). Statistically significant differences were observed in the following parameters: frequency of acid and nonacid reflux and baseline impedance in channels 5 and 6. The median values of the data were 18.3 episodes, 16.0 episodes, 2461.0 Ω, 2446.0 Ω in Los Angeles , 36.0 episodes, 31.0 episodes, 2033.0 Ω, 2009.0 Ω in Los Angeles , respectively.
Lower baseline impedance is helpful in predicting minimal endoscopic changes in the lower esophagus. A higher frequency of acid and nonacid reflux episodes was also predictive of minimal endoscopic change in the lower esophagus.

© The Author(s), 2021.