Metabolic syndrome (MetS), a cluster of factors associated with risks of developing cardiovascular diseases, is a public health concern because of its growing prevalence. Considering the combination of concomitant components, their development and severity, MetS phenotypes are largely heterogeneous, inducing disparity in diagnosis.
A case/control study was designed within the NuAge longitudinal cohort on aging. From a 3-year follow-up of 123 stable individuals, we present a deep phenotyping approach based on a multiplatform metabolomics and lipidomics untargeted strategy to better characterize metabolic perturbations in MetS and define a comprehensive MetS signature stable over time in older men.
We characterize significant changes associated with MetS, involving modulations of 476 metabolites and lipids, and representing 16% of the detected serum metabolome/lipidome. These results revealed a systemic alteration of metabolism, involving various metabolic pathways (urea cycle, amino-acid, sphingo- and glycerophospholipid, and sugar metabolisms…) not only intrinsically interrelated, but also reflecting environmental factors (nutrition, microbiota, physical activity…).
These findings allowed identifying a comprehensive MetS signature, reduced to 26 metabolites for future translation into clinical applications for better diagnosing MetS.

Copyright © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.