We propose an efficient method to modify B-cell derived EVs by loading them with a nanotherapeutic stimuli-responsive cargo and equipping them with antibodies for efficient targeting of lymphoma cells.
The post-isolation engineering of the EVs is accomplished by a freeze-thaw method to load therapeutically-active zinc oxide nanocrystals (ZnO NCs), obtaining the so-called TrojanNanoHorse (TNH) to recall the biomimetism and cytotoxic potential of this novel nanoconstruct. TNHs are further modified at their surface with anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies (TNH) achieving specific targeting against lymphoid cancer cell line. The in vitro characterization is carried out on CD20+ lymphoid Daudi cell line, CD20-negative cancerous myeloid cells (HL60) and the healthy counterpart (B lymphocytes). The TNH shows nanosized structure, high colloidal stability, even over time, and good hemocompatibility. The in vitro characterization shows the high biocompatibility, targeting specificity and cytotoxic capability. Importantly, the selectivity of TNH demonstrates significantly higher interaction towards the target lymphoid Daudi cell line compared to the CD20-negative cancerous myeloid cells (HL60) and the healthy counterpart (lymphocytes). An enhanced cytotoxicity directed against Daudi cancer cells is demonstrated after the TNH activation with high-energy ultrasound shock-waves (SW).
This work demonstrates the efficient re-engineering of EVs, derived from healthy cells, with inorganic nanoparticles and monoclonal antibodies. The obtained hybrid nanoconstructs can be on-demand activated by an external stimulation, here acoustic pressure waves, to exploit a cytotoxic effect conveyed by the ZnO NCs cargo against selected cancer cells.

© 2022. The Author(s).