Premature ejaculation is the most prevalent male sexual dysfunction and causes significant individual and relational distress in subjects. This study aimed to investigate the underlying psychopathologies of premature ejaculation using theory of mind, empathy and attachment parameters and included 91 participants: 46 with lifelong premature ejaculation and 45 without any ejaculatory complaints. Arabic index of premature ejaculation and stopwatch intravaginal ejaculatory latency times were recorded from all subjects in order to evaluate ejaculatory function. We used reading mind in the eyes, empathy quotient and experiences in close relationships-revised tasks to evaluate social cognitive and attachment profiles of the participants. We compared differences between groups in terms of task performances and symptom severity. Premature ejaculation patients showed significantly low levels of theory of mind abilities as well as empathic skills compared to controls. Although groups did not differ significantly in means of attachment avoidance parameters, premature ejaculation patients had significantly higher levels of attachment anxiety parameters. There was no correlation between symptom severity and social cognition and attachment scores in premature ejaculation patients. These results suggest that patients with premature ejaculations may suffer from significant social cognitive deficits and have anxious but not avoidant pattern of attachment. These results may implicate insights in terms of pharmacological and psychotherapeutic treatments of premature ejaculation.
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