In Eastern and Central Europe, Hungary has the third highest incidence of melanoma after the Czech Republic and Slovakia. In order to improve the efficiency of melanoma diagnostics and screening, several technological developments have been made in recent years, one is the integrated automated total body mapping and digital dermatoscopy.
The aim of this targeted literature review is to demonstrate the potential of new digital technologies developed for total body mapping in relation to melanoma screening.
Targeted literature review was performed to collect information. We searched in publicly available databases for guidelines and recommendations as well as scientific publications on screening and early detection of melanoma.
We identified 15 international guidelines and recommendations summarizing screening and early detection of melanoma. We did not find any Hungarian guidelines on melanoma screening. We analyzed 2 clinical, 5 observational studies and 8 systematic reviews on the effectiveness of digital dermatoscopy and automated total body mapping. We found 10 studies that investigated the complementary role of machine learning algorithms in the early diagnosis of melanoma.
Digital dermatoscopy and total body mapping can help identify skin malignancies or new melanoma at high-risk individuals. Due to the lack of reliable data of melanoma screening programmes on cancer mortality, population-based melanoma screening is not recommended by international guidelines.
International guidelines highlight the role of automated total body mapping and sequential digital dermatoscopic imaging in screening of individuals at increased risk of melanoma. Orv Hetil. 2022; 163(49): 1943-1951.