EMA401, (the S-enantiomer of 5-(benzyloxy)-2-(2,2-diphenylacetyl)-6-methoxy-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline-3-carboxylic acid), also known as Olodanrigan, is an orally active selective angiotensin II type 2 receptor (AT R) antagonist that is in Phase IIb clinical development as a novel analgesic for the relief of chronic pain. The main purpose of the present work was to investigate the disposition of a single C- labeled EMA401 in non-clinical studies. The in vitro metabolism studies of EMA401 were undertaken to understand hepatic biotransformation pathways in animal species used in toxicology studies and how they compare to human. Furthermore, investigation of EMA401’s PK was carried out in vivo in rats. The study demonstrates the rapid absorption and distribution of drug-related material mainly to the tissues associated with absorption and elimination (GI tract, liver and kidney). EMA401was then readily eliminated metabolically via the bile (95 % of dose) predominantly in the form of the direct acylglucuronide (40% of dose), which was further hydrolyzed by the intestinal flora to the active parent drug. Other metabolic pathways such as dealkylations and hydroxylation were also involved in the elimination of EMA401 to a lesser extent. EMA401 was metabolically unstable in hepatocytes of all species investigated and the key metabolites produced in the in vitro model were also detected in vivo. Independent of the dosing route, the S-enantiomer EMA401 showed a good in vivo chiral stability. Overall, the present study provides the first full characterization of the disposition of EMA401 in preclinical species.
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