Idiopathic deep venous thrombosis is a relatively common clinical finding. The aim of this article is to report and discuss a case of lymphoma presented as DVT in line with SCARE guidelines with brief literature review.
A 19-year-old male presented with right lower limb swelling for two week duration. Examination showed pitting leg edema with warm tense calf. Hematological investigations showed lymphopaenia. Duplex ultrasound showed DVT of right common femoral vein with inguinal lymphadenopathy. Computed tomography showed inguinal lymphadenopahthy. Histopathological examination of lymph node specimen confirmed the diagnosis of Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma (Burkett’s type).
Several series have documented a significantly higher risk of malignancy in patients with presumed idiopathic DVT. Among such patients, 7.6% have been noted to have a malignancy during follow-up; the incidence of occult malignancy diagnosed within 6-12 months of an idiopathic DVT is 2.2-5.3 times higher than that expected from general population estimates.
Idiopathic DVT regardless of age should be approached seriously with a special consideration to malignancy, lymphoma could present only with DVT.

Copyright © 2020 IJS Publishing Group Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

References

PubMed