Obesity is an important risk factor for the development of endometrial cancer (EC). Recent data showed that body fat distribution might be more relevant than Body Mass Index (BMI). High visceral fat percentage was shown to be an independent predictor for survival in EC, but mainly included grade 1-2 EC.
To evaluate body fat distribution and its relation to outcome in high-grade endometrial cancer.
Retrospective study in women diagnosed with high-grade EC between February 2006 and August 2017 at the Royal Cornwall Hospital who had abdominal CT-scan as part of routine diagnostic work-up. Subcutaneous abdominal fat volumes and visceral abdominal fat volumes were quantified based on CT-scan measurements, and visceral fat percentage calculated.
A total of 176 patients with high-grade EC were included. The median age was 70 years and median BMI was 29.4 kg/m. The majority of patients had non-endometrioid endometrial cancer (NEEC; 62 %). High visceral fat percentage was associated with poor overall- and disease-specific survival (p = 0.006 and p = 0.026 respectively) in NEEC patients, but not in high-grade endometrioid EC (EEC). The most frequent obesity comorbidities hypertension and diabetes mellitus were significantly associated with high BMI and high visceral fat percentage.
In high-grade EC, high visceral fat percentage was an independent predictor of poor survival only in NEEC. The strong correlation between high visceral fat and obesity-related comorbidities might be reflective of an unhealthy macroenvironment.

Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier B.V.
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PubMed