Rates of post-traumatic stress symptoms, anxiety and depression are increased in patients having experienced a transient ischemic attack (TIA) or stroke several months ago. However, data of psychiatric symptoms in the acute phase within the first days after ictus are lacking. In 20 patients with stroke and 33 patients with TIA we assessed disease severity by means of the NIHSS, levels of depression and anxiety by HADS, PTSD-like symptoms by PC-PTSD, quality of life (HrQoL) by SF-12, and coping style by brief COPE Inventory within the first 5 days after ictus. NIHSS on admission was lower in patients with TIA (0 ± 1) than in patients with stroke (3 ± 2, p  0.05). 5 and 3 of 33 TIA patients as well as 4 and 3 of 20 stroke patients had at least 11 points in the HADS anxiety and depression score respectively (p = 0.001). 2 of 33 TIA patients and 2 of 20 stroke patients had more than 2 points in the PC-PTSD (p = 0.646). We did not find consistent correlations between the NIHSS and the psychometric parameters. Within the first five days after patients having experienced a TIA or stroke PTSD-like, anxious and depressive symptoms are more common than in the general population. As the acute psychological status after ictus is predictive for psychiatric comorbidity years later physicians should pay attention and adequately treat psychiatric symptoms already in the acute phase of stroke.Trial Registration: German Clinical Trials Register, DRKS00021730, https://www.drks.de/drks_web/navigate.do?navigationId=trial.HTML&TRIAL_ID=DRKS00021730 , registered 05/19/2020- Retrospectively registered.