Metabolic syndrome (MetS) has emerged as a worldwide health hazard of the modern lifestyle, representing a cluster of metabolic abnormalities and a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Eye diseases, such as diabetic retinopathy, central retinal artery occlusion, cataract, age-related macular degeneration, glaucoma, and dry eye syndrome have been linked with many of MetS components. Their relationship with MetS itself is, however, a recent topic of investigation. This review aims to gather published evidence supporting associations between ocular findings and MetS and to explore the related physiopathological processes that congregate in this syndrome and lead to these diseases. Despite compiling interesting and compelling evidence, it raises awareness to the need of further studies in this field to keep solidifying these associations and unveiling the pathological processes that support them. It ultimately targets MetS patients as a population of individuals who are at increased risk of developing age-related eye diseases and vision loss.
Copyright © 2020 The Authors. Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. on behalf of PBJ-Associação Porto Biomedical/Porto Biomedical Society. All rights reserved.