Glaucoma, a well-defined group of progressive optic neuropathies is one of the leading causes of irreversible blindness worldwide. In order to stop or slow down the progression of glaucomatous vision deterioration, intraocular pressure reduction by medical, laser or surgical treatment is needed. To ensure that treatment is efficient and tailored to the actual needs both cross sectional evaluation of disease severity and measurement of rate of progression are essential. Currently staging and progression are investigated with visual field and retinal thickness measurements. Perimetry, however, is influenced by several biological factors which are not related to glaucoma, and the use of retinal thinning is limited by floor effect. Therefore, clinical application of optical retinal coherence tomography angiography, a new and rapidly developing non-invasive measurement of the capillary perfusion in the various retinal layers, respectively, is now in the focus of clinical glaucoma research. This comprehensive review summarizes the current knowledge on one of the most important research areas in optical coherence tomography angiography in glaucoma, the relationship between retinal capillary perfusion and the spatially corresponding visual field threshold sensitivity.
2020 Annals of Translational Medicine. All rights reserved.