Pevonedistat is a potent, selective, first-in-class NEDD8 activating enzyme inhibitor. It is now under multiple clinical trials that investigate its anticancer effect against solid tumors and leukemia. ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters are membrane proteins that are involved in mediating multidrug resistance (MDR). In this article, we reveal that pevonedistat is a substrate of ABCG2 which decreases the therapeutic effect of pevonedistat. The cytotoxicity of pevonedistat was significantly weakened in ABCG2-overexpressing cells, and the drug resistance can be reversed by ABCG2 inhibitors. The ATPase assay suggested that pevonedistat can stimulate ABCG2 ATPase activity in a concentration-dependent manner. Pevonedistat showed little effect on the expression level or subcellular localization of ABCG2 after 72 h treatment. Furthermore, a pevonedistat resistance cell line S1-PR was established and overexpressed ABCG2. Generally, our study provides evidence that ABCG2 can be a prominent factor leading to pevonedistat-resistance. Furthermore, ABCG2 may also be utilized as a biomarker to monitor the development of pevonedistat resistance during cancer treatment.
Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Inc.