Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) reduces the incidence of thrombotic complications at the cost of an increase in bleedings. New antiplatelet therapies focused on minimizing bleeding and maximizing antithrombotic effects are emerging. The aim of this study is to collect the current evidence coming from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on early aspirin interruption after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and current drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation and to perform a meta-analysis in order to evaluate the safety and efficacy of this strategy.
MEDLINE/PubMed was systematically screened for RCTs comparing P2Y12 inhibitors (P2Y12i) monotherapy after a maximum of 3 months of DAPT (S-DAPT) vs. DAPT for 12 months (DAPT) in patients undergoing PCI with DES. Baseline features were appraised. Major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE: all causes of death, myocardial infarction, and stroke) and its single composites, stent thrombosis (ST) and Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) type 3 or 5 were considered and pooled with fixed and random-effects with inverse-variance weighting. A total of four RCTs including a total of 29 089 patients were identified. Overall, the majority of included patients suffered a stable coronary artery disease, while ST-elevation myocardial infarction was the least represented clinical presentation. Complex anatomical settings like left main intervention, bifurcations, and multi-lesions treatment were included although representing a minor part of the cases. At 1-year follow-up, MACCE rate was similar [odds ratio (OR) 0.90; 95% confidence intervals (CIs) 0.79-1.03] and any of its composites (all causes of death rate: OR 0.87; 95% CIs 0.71-1.06; myocardial infarction: OR 1.06; 95% CIs 0.90-1.26; stroke: OR 1.12; 95% CIs 0.82-1.53). Similarly, also ST rate was comparable in the two groups (OR 1.17; 95% CIs 0.83-1.64), while BARC 3 or 5 bleeding resulted significantly lower, adopting an S-DAPT strategy (OR 0.70; 95% CIs 0.58-0.86).
After a PCI with current DES, an S-DAPT strategy followed by a P2Y12i monotherapy was associated with a lower incidence of clinically relevant bleeding compared to 12 months DAPT, with no significant differences in terms of 1-year cardiovascular events.

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References

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