Chronic pain and opioid use are associated with increased risk for suicidal ideation and behaviors (SIB) in cross-sectional studies, particularly among individuals who catastrophize about their pain. This study examined the longitudinal association between two styles of pain coping, catastrophizing and hoping/praying, as predictors of subsequent SIB, as well as possible mediators of this association among patients with chronic pain receiving long-term opioid therapy. Participants (n = 496) were adults with chronic nonmalignant pain on long-term opioid therapy who did not develop an opioid use disorder. Participants were assessed for pain coping, suicidal ideation, depression, social support and pain interference at baseline, and were reassessed for SI, depression, and pain interference at 6- and 12-month follow-ups. Catastrophizing was a significant predictor of increased subsequent SIB, whereas hoping/praying did not protect against future SIB. The relationship between catastrophizing and future SIB was mediated by depression, but not social support or pain interference. In conclusion, catastrophizing was an important predictor of subsequent SIB due to its effect on increasing depression among patients with chronic nonmalignant pain receiving long-term opioid therapy. Future research should explore the extent to which targeting catastrophizing reduces subsequent depression and suicide risk.Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
June 15, 2020
Can serial evaluation of serum SCC-Ag-level predict tumor recurrence and patient survival in squamous-cell carcinoma of uterine cervix treated with definitive chemoradiotherapy? A multi-institutional analysis.
March 30, 2020
- ACC 2020The American College of Cardiology decided to cancel ACC.20/WCC due to COVID-19, which was scheduled to take place March 28-30 in Chicago. However, ACC.20/WCC Virtual Meeting continues to release cutting edge science and practice changing updates for cardiovascular professionals on demand and free through June 2020.
- ENDO: 2020ENDO 2020 Annual Conference has been canceled due to COVID-19. Here are highlights of emerging data that has still been released. Keep an eye out for ENDO Online 2020, which will take place from June 8 to 22.